Login or Register to make a submission.

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word, or PDF document file format.
  • We fight plagiarism: please understand that your article will be checked with available tools for discovering plagiarism.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • Authors are kindly required to suggest at least two potential reviewers (name, affiliation and e-mail) for their manuscript in the "Comments to the Editor" field (Step 1. Submission Process).

To submit a new paper to our journal:



  1. Register on the Journal website; we encourage you to register also as a Reviewer at the same time;

  2. Download and follow the Guidelines for Authors;

  3. Read our Editorial Policies and our Competing Interest policies.

  4. Log in;

  5. Click on the "MAKE A SUBMISSION" button to start the online procedure.


To submit a revised version:



  1. Log in;

  2. Click on the title of your paper;

  3. Next to the heading "REVISIONS", upload your revised paper by using the "UPLOAD FILE" button;

  4. Inform the Editors that a revised version has been uploaded.




Guidelines for Authors


The scientific journal RIO Rivista italiana di Ornitologia - Research in Ornithology was founded in 1911 to publish original research in ornithology. The Editorial Board will not accept papers that do not meet the following guidelines.


As an option, PAGEPress offers its own professional copyediting service. Professional copyediting can help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript needs a professional English language copyediting checking language grammar and style, you can find a reliable revision service at:



Submission of manuscripts


All manuscripts must be submitted online at http://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio Contributions must be preferably written in English. Articles and short notes written in Italian must contain an extended summary in English. Authors whose native language is not English are strongly recommended to have their manuscript checked by a language editing service.


Manuscripts should be saved and submitted as a single .DOC file containing the full paper, references, tables and figures captions. Tables and figures should be submitted as Supplementary Files. All the illustrations are considered as figures and must be cited into the main text. In case of acceptance, high resolution images (.tif or .jpg format) must be provided for publication.


The first page of each manuscript should include the names, initials and surnames of the Author(s); their full affiliation and postal address (including e-mail), and the title of the paper.


Articles: should be normally divided into: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements and References. The text must be preceded by an English abstract, that must be analytically informative and trace the article main subdivisions (Introduction, Methods, Results, Conclusions). Key-words (max 7) must be provided.


Short Communications: are papers with a simple layout, containing limited data (no more than two figures or tables) and a small number of citations. They should be limited to 2000 words of text (figure captions, table headings and reference lists are additional to this limit).


Scientific names: common names of organisms should always be accompanied, when first cited, by their complete scientific name in italics (genus, species). All papers must conform to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ed. IV, 1999) and subsequent updating (http://iczn.org/code). When first mentioned, a plant or animal should include the full scientific name.


Geographical names: geographical names should follow the Times World Atlases style (http://www.timesatlas.com/Pages/default.aspx).


Footnotes: must be preferably avoided; when used, they should be listed at the end of the text and identified by Arab numerals in superscript.


References


References must be formatted according to the following styles:



  • Fowler J. & Cohen L., 2002 - Statistica per ornitologi e naturalisti. Bologna: Muzzio Editore.

  • Newton I., 2004 - The recent declines of farmland bird populations in Britain: An appraisal of causal factors and conservation actions. Ibis, 146: 579–600.

  • Lefranc N., 1995 - Decline and current status of the Lesser Grey Shrike (Lanius minor) in Western Europe. In Shrikes (Lanidae) of the world: Biology and conservation. Proc. of the 1st international shrikes symposium. R. Yosef R. & Lohrer F. E. (eds.). Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology. (6) (pp. 167–171).

  • BirdLife International, 2014 - Gypaetus barbatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22695174/0 (downloaded on 6th October 2014).


Please list papers by more than two authors, but with the same first author, by year sequence and alphabetically within each year. Citation of authors in the text should appear in the form: (Polaszek, 1996). Authors should be cited in chronological order as: (Blackman et al., 1994; Roberts & Kumar, 1995). Papers by the same author (or combination of authors) that were published in a single year should be distinguished by letters (a, b, c...) and cited accordingly in the text, e.g. Brown (2010a; 2010b; 2010c) or (Brown, 2010a; 2010b; 2010c).


Tables and figures


The presentation of tables and figures must always follow the same order in which they are presented in the main text. All references to tables and figures should specify the relevant Arabic identification numbers. The captions of tables and figures should be informative and concise without duplicating information presented within the body of the text. Symbols and abbreviations used in figures/tables can be defined in the figure/table caption or within the figure itself.


Peer review policy


All manuscripts submitted to our journal are critically assessed by external and/or in-house experts in accordance with the principles of peer review (http://www.icmje.org/#peer), which is fundamental to the scientific publication process and the dissemination of sound science. Each paper is first assigned by the Editors to an appropriate Associate Editor who has knowledge of the field discussed in the manuscript. The first step of manuscript selection takes place entirely in-house and has two major objectives: I) to establish the article's appropriateness for our journals' readership; II) to define the manuscript's priority ranking relative to other manuscripts under consideration, since the number of papers that the journal receives is much greater than it can publish. If a manuscript does not receive a sufficiently high priority score to warrant publication, the editors will proceed to a quick rejection. The remaining articles are reviewed by at least two different external referees (second step or classical peer review). Manuscripts should be prepared according to the Uniform Requirements established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (http://www.icmje.org/#prepare).


Authorship: all persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship according to the ICMJE criteria (http://www.icmje.org/ethical_1author.html). Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should only be based on substantial contributions to I) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; and to II) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and on III) final approval of the version to be published. These three conditions must all be met. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Any part of an article critical to its main conclusions must be the responsibility of at least one author. Authors should provide a brief description of their individual contributions.


Obligation to Register Clinical Trials (http://www.icmje.org/#clin_trials): the ICMJE believes that it is important to foster a comprehensive, publicly available database of clinical trials. The ICMJE defines a clinical trial as any research project that prospectively assigns human subjects to intervention or concurrent comparison or control groups to study the cause-and-effect relationship between a medical intervention and a health outcome. Medical interventions include drugs, surgical procedures, devices, behavioral treatments, process-of-care changes, etc. Our journals require, as a condition of consideration for publication, registration in a public trials registry. The journal considers a trial for publication only if it has been registered before the enrollment of the first patient. The journal does not advocate one particular registry, but requires authors to register their trial in a registry that meets several criteria. The registry must be accessible to the public at no charge. It must be open to all prospective registrants and managed by a non-profit organization. There must be a mechanism to ensure the validity of the registration data, and the registry should be electronically searchable. An acceptable registry must include a minimum of data elements (http://www.icmje.org/#clin_trials). For example, ClinicalTrials.gov (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov), sponsored by the United States National Library of Medicine, meets these requirements.


Protection of Human Subjects and Animals in Research: when reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the committee responsible for human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 (as revised in 2008). In particular, PAGEPress adopts the WAME policy on Ethics in Research (http://www.wame.org). Documented review and approval from a formally constituted review board (Institutional Review Board - IRB - or Ethics committee) is required for all studies (prospective or retrospective) involving people, medical records, and human tissues. When reporting experiments on animals, authors will be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.