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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • We fight plagiarism: please understand that your article will be checked with available tools for discovering plagiarism.

To submit a new paper to our journal:

  1. Register on the Journal website; we encourage you to register also as a Reviewer at the same time;
  2. Download and follow the Guidelines for Authors;
  3. Read our Editorial Policies and our Competing Interest policies.
  4. Log in;
  5. Click on the "MAKE A SUBMISSION" button to start the online procedure.

To submit a revised version:

  1. Log in;
  2. Click on the title of your paper;
  3. Next to the heading "REVISIONS", upload your revised paper by using the "UPLOAD FILE" button;
  4. Inform the Editors that a revised version has been uploaded.

Guidelines for Authors

The scientific journal NHS Atti della Società italiana di Scienze naturali e del Museo civico di Storia naturale in Milano was founded in 1856 to publish original research in natural sciences. The Editorial Board will not accept papers that do not meet the following guidelines.

As an option, PAGEPress offers its own professional copyediting service. Professional copyediting can help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript needs a professional English language copyediting checking language grammar and style, you can find a reliable revision service at:

Submission of manuscripts

All manuscripts must be submitted online at http://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs. Contributions MUST be preferably written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are strongly recommended to have their manuscript checked by a language editing service. Manuscripts should be saved and submitted as a single WORD file containing the full paper, references, tables and figures captions. Tables and figures should be submitted as Supplementary Files. All the illustrations are considered as figures and must be cited into the main text. In case of acceptance, high resolution images (.TIFF or .JPG format) must be provided for publication. The first page of each manuscript should include the names, initials and surnames of the Author(s); their full affiliation and postal address (including e-mail), and the title of the paper.

Articles should be normally divided into: Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, and References. The text must be preceded by an English abstract, that must be analytically informative. Kew words (max 7) must be provided.

Short Communications are papers with a simple layout, containing limited data (no more than two figures or tables) and a small number of citations. They should be limited to 2000 words of text (figure captions, table headings and reference lists are additional to this limit).

Scientific names common names of organisms should always be accompanied, when first cited, by their complete scientific name in italics (genus, species). All papers must conform to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ed. IV, 1999) and subsequent updating (http://iczn.org/code); the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code) (http://www.iapt-taxon.org/nomen/main.php) and for standard abbreviations follow the Intarnational Plant Names Index (http://www.ipni.org/index.html). When first mentioned, a plant or animal should include the full scientific name and the author of the zoological name unabbreviated, except for Linnaeus (L.) and Fabricius (F.).

Geographical names should follow the Times World Atlases style (http://www.timesatlas.com/Pages/default.aspx).

Remarks must be preferably avoided; when used, they should be presented at the end of the text and identified by Arab numerals in superscript.


References must be formatted according to the following examples:

  • Biancardi C.M., Rigo V., Azzolini S. & Gnoli C., 2014 – Eurasian badger (Meles meles) habitat and sett site selection in the northern Apennines. Natural History Sciences, Milano, 1 (1): 41-48. doi: 10.4081/nhs.2014.56
  • Brandbyge J., 1993 – Polygonaceae. In: The families and genera of vascular plants. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Magnoliid, Hamamelid and Caryophyllid families. Kubitzki K., Rohwer J. G. & Bittrich V. (eds.). Springer, Berlin, 2: 531-544
  • Fraser N.C. & Rieppel O., 2006 – A new protorosaur (Diapsida) from the Upper Buntsandstein of the Black Forest, Germany. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26 (4): 866-871
  • Thiers B., 2014 onwards – Index herbariorum: a global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden. <http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/> (retrieved on December 2014).

Please list papers by more than two authors, but with the same first author, by year sequence and alphabetically within each year.

Citation of authors in the text should appear in the form: (Polaszek, 1996). Authors should be cited in chronological order as: (Blackman et al., 1994; Roberts & Kumar, 1995).

Tables and figures

The presentation of tables and figures must always follow the same order in which they are presented in the main text. All references to tables and figures should specify the relevant Arabic identification numbers. The legends of tables and figures should be informative and concise without duplicating information presented within the body of the text. Symbols and abbreviations used in figures/tables can be defined in the figure/table caption or within the figure itself.

Peer review policy: all manuscripts submitted to our journal are critically assessed by external and/or in-house experts in accordance with the principles of peer review, which is fundamental to the scientific publication process and the dissemination of sound science. Each paper is first assigned by the Editors to an appropriate Associate Editor who has knowledge of the field discussed in the manuscript. The first step of manuscript selection takes place entirely in-house and has two major objectives: i) to establish the article’s appropriateness for our journals’ readership; ii) to define the manuscript’s priority ranking relative to other manuscripts under consideration, since the number of papers that the journal receives is much greater than it can publish. If a manuscript does not receive a sufficiently high priority score to warrant publication, the editors will proceed to a quick rejection. The remaining articles are reviewed by at least two different external referees (second step or classical peer review).

Authorship: all persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should only be based on substantial contributions to i) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; and to ii) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and on iii) final approval of the version to be published. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Any part of an article critical to its main conclusions must be the responsibility of at least one author.

Protection of Animals in Research: When reporting experiments on animals, authors will be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.