Rivista Italiana di Ornitologia https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio <p>The scientific journal <strong>Rivista Italiana di Ornitologia - Research in Ornithology (RIO)</strong> publishes original articles and short notes covering all major topics of ornithology twice yearly. The RIO was founded in 1911 by Ettore Arrigoni degli Oddi (1867–1942), Filippo Cavazza (1886–1953), Francesco Chigi (1881–1953), Alessandro Ghigi (1875–1970), Giacinto Martorelli (1855–1917) and Tommaso Salvadori (1835–1923). The first series ended its publication run in 1925, but the journal was revived as a second series in 1931, under the directorship of Arrigoni degli Oddi. In 1933, Edgardo Moltoni (1896–1980) took over as RIO Editor and became its owner and publisher up to his death. The Italian Society of Natural Sciences (Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali) then took over ownership of the RIO in 1981, publishing it in collaboration with the Museum of Natural History of Milan (Museo di Storia Naturale di Milano).</p> <p><br>This journal does not apply charge for publication to Authors as it is supported by institutional funds.</p> <p><br> The <strong>Rivista Italiana di Ornitologia</strong> is available as library exchange: <a href="mailto:C.MSNMbiblioteca@comune.milano.it">C.MSNMbiblioteca@comune.milano.it</a></p> PAGEPress Scientific Publications, Pavia, Italy en-US Rivista Italiana di Ornitologia 0035-6875 <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.<br><br> An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:</p> <ol> <li>the author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.</li> <li>a complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.</li> </ol> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> The Lanner falcon https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio/article/view/408 <p>Not available</p> Ugo Mellone ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 88 1 62 62 10.4081/rio.2018.408 Rapaci d’Italia https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio/article/view/407 <p>Not available</p> Mauro Fasola ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 88 1 61 61 10.4081/rio.2018.407 [First nesting of Phalacrocorax pygmeus in Mantua province (Lombardy, N Italy)] https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio/article/view/375 <p>[The Authors describe the first Pygmy Cormorants nesting in the Province of Mantua, in the “Valli del Mincio” Natural Reserve, in 2014 and 2015.]</p> <p>[Article in Italian]</p> Nunzio Grattini Stefano Bellintani Paolo Gialdi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 88 1 59 60 10.4081/rio.2018.375 [Birds trapped in telephone wiring system] https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio/article/view/317 <p>[Six cases of birds trapped in telephone wires or in structures connected to telephone wires were signaled in the areas of Turin and Novara (Piedmont, N. W. Italy). The birds stayed hanging fatally either by chance or during a trophic activity. The species involved in the described episodes are five, but become eight when added to the ones subjects of previous signaling: Little bitten <em>Ixobrychus minutus,</em> Grey heron<em> Ardea cinerea</em>, Moorhen <em>Gallinula chloropus,</em> Barn owl <em>Tyto alba,</em> Little owl <em>Athene noctua,</em> Robin <em>Erithacus rubecula,</em> Starling <em>Sturnus vulgaris,</em> Hooded crow <em>Corvus corone cornix.</em>]</p> <p>[Article in Italian]</p> Leonardo Mostini ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 88 1 57 58 10.4081/rio.2018.317 The role of peri-urban wetland and meadow habitats in the protection of trans-Saharan migrant passerine species in a central European city https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio/article/view/406 <p>Densities were estimated for several passerine longdistance migrant species associated with peri-urban wetlands and meadows in the city of Wroclaw (293 km2), SW Poland. <em>Acrocephalus arundinaceus,</em> <em>A. scirpaceus</em>, <em>Locustella</em> <em>naevia</em> and <em>Lanius colluri</em>o nested in a crude density of more than 0.2 pairs/territorial males per 100 ha. The group of four other species (S<em>axicola torquatus, Locustella fluviatilis, L. luscinioides and Acrocephalus schoenobaenus</em>) bred in a crude density between 1.1 and 1.5 pairs per 10 km2. The least numerous were the <em>Sylvia nisoria</em> (0.06 pairs per 100 ha) and <em>Remiz pendulinus</em> (0.02 pairs per 100 ha). Most of these species nested in the city in higher crude density than in a neighbouring rural area, richer of suitable habitats. Most breeding pairs occupied extensive peri-urban wetlands and meadows. These habitats could play an important role in conservation of these trans-Saharan migrants, as well as other water and marshland bird species. Such habitats are postulated to be protected as nature reserves or Special Protection Areas of the Natura 2000.</p> Grzegorz Kopij ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 88 1 47 52 10.4081/rio.2018.406 [The Great grey Shrike Lanius excubitor L. of the Arrigoni degli Oddi’s ornithological collection at the Museo Civico di Zoologia, Rome (Italy)] https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio/article/view/405 <p><em>[Lanius excubito</em>r is a polymorphic species with 12 subspecies. In the last years the taxonomy of this species has been reviewed several times. According to the literature, in Italy <em>Lanius excubitor</em> is a regular migrator, wintering and irregular nesting, occurring with three subspecies: <em>L. excubitor excubitor</em>, <em>L. e. homeyeri</em> and <em>L. e. sibiricus</em>. This paper aims at reviewing the subspecies actually occurring in Italy by analyzing the specimens preserved in the Arrigoni degli Oddi’s collection at the Museo Civico di Zoologia in Rome (Italy). The morphometrics and colouring of 66 specimens were examined in relation to the most recent literature data. This review allowed to demonstrate that all specimens described as <em>L. e. homeyer</em>i in this collection have to be attributed to the nominate subspecies; only the specimen described as <em>L. przelwaski</em>i (now <em>L. e. leucopterus)</em> is a true<em> L. e. homeyeri</em>. According to these data, the ssp. homeyeri must be considered very rare in Italy, contrarily to some previously reported information. Specimens ascribed to <em>L. borealis</em> sibiricus do not show the characters of this subspecies, consequently they should not be included in the check list of Italian species.]</p> <p>[Article in Italian]</p> Fulvio Fraticelli Carla Marangoni ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 88 1 43 46 10.4081/rio.2018.405 [Sightings of Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima in Italy, a review] https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio/article/view/379 <p>[Through detailed investigation of both published and unpublished data, Italian records of Purple Sandpiper <em>Calidris maritima</em> have been researched. No records of this species can be traced for nearly 70 years in Italy, between 1907 and 1975, while it was frequently reported (even if scarce) in the late 19th century. There have been 55 records, both published and unpublished, more than twice as many as in previous reviews, and any errors found have been corrected. Differences between historical and recent (last 50 years) records have been evaluated, and show above all a recent presence of wintering individuals (an almost unknown occurrence in the past), and a greater frequency in coastal environments.]</p> <p>[Article in Italian]</p> Maurizio Sighele ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 88 1 33 42 10.4081/rio.2018.379 Floating rafts as breeding habitats for the Common tern, Sterna hirundo. Colonization patterns, abundance and reproductive success in Venice Lagoon https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio/article/view/349 <p>The Venice lagoon hosts the 15% of the entire Italian breeding population of Common terns, <em>Sterna hirundo,</em> highlighting the great value of the area for this species. However, in the last 25 years, a substantial decline of Common terns has been detected in the Lagoon, which culminated in 2008. The main causes of this negative trend were the loss of salt marsh habitats, where terns typically breed in the Venice lagoon. This was due to the increase in the mean sea level and the greater frequency of high tides during the reproductive period with consequent flooding of their breeding sites; competition with yellowlegged gulls (<em>Larus michahellis</em>), predation and human disturbance. As a preliminary experimental approach to counter the depletion of the species and favour its recovery, we performed a habitat loss compensation project by setting up four floating rafts (3x2m), covered by two different types of substrate (sandy and vegetal substrate). This was to function as an artificial nesting site safe from flooding, positioned in a protected internal wetland area of the Venice lagoon, Valle Averto (Sourthern Lagoon). We studied the colonization patterns of the rafts and the reproductive success of Common tern breeding pairs during the 2014 and 2015 breeding seasons. We also investigated those environmental and structural variables that could favour the use of the rafts and the nesting success of the species. In both years, the rafts were successfully colonized and used by terns for nesting. Our results also indicated higher temperature, lower rainfall and greater distance from the shore as the main habitat factors favouring the occurrence and the reproductive success of the breeding pairs, while a windrow of dead plants was indicated as the preferred substrate for covering rafts in order to make them more attractive. The results provided some suggestions for successful restoration plans to be developed in similar lagoon areas.</p> Francesca Coccon Stefano Borella Nicola Simeoni Stefano Malavasi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 88 1 23 32 10.4081/rio.2018.349 Breeding population of Black Stork, Ciconia nigra, in Italy between 1994 and 2016 https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio/article/view/345 <p>The Black Stork <em>Ciconia nigra</em>, following an expansion on European scale, started breeding in Italy in 1994 with one pair in the Piedmont Region and one in the Calabria Region. Since then, the breeding pairs established in Italy have progressively increased up to 18 in 2016, and they are currently in Piedmont, Lazio, Campania, Molise, Apulia, Basilicata and Calabria. However, the number of breeding pairs could be higher than 20, as indicated by records and observations of adults and juveniles, during the breeding period in potentially suitable nesting areas. Despite the low population density in Italy, the trend in the breeding population in Northwest and in Southern Central regions seems to show a slight and high increase respectively. Productivity, breeding success and fledging rate have been considered and analysed. A difference between the two macro areas has been found in the choice of nesting sites, which is on trees for Northwest couples, and cliffs for Southern Central couples. It is necessary to further explore the reason why the small Northwest population does not show any increase and range expansion compared to the Southern Central one.</p> Maurizio Fraissinet Lucio Bordignon Massimo Brunelli Matteo Caldarella Enzo Cripezzi Stefano Giustino Egidio Mallia Maurizio Marrese Nicola Norante Salvatore Urso Matteo Visceglia ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 88 1 15 22 10.4081/rio.2018.345 Recovery of skeletal elements and extended wing from a mounted specimen of the nearly extinct Slender-billed Curlew (Numenius tenuirostris) https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/rio/article/view/340 <p>The Slender-billed Curlew (<em>Numenius</em> <em>tenuirostris</em>) is a very rare Palaearctic Scolopacidae, classified Critically Endangered by the IUCN, with the last accepted record in 2001. In the museum collections, it is commonly preserved with mounted specimens and study skins, but only two skeletons have been reported in the world. Here we present the re-preparation of a mounted specimen from the collection of the Museo di Zoologia of the Torino University in order to obtain as much osteological material as possible. This practice, especially with rare or extinct species, is recommended in different papers to maximize the value of the museum specimens and remedy the lack of skeletal elements of very rare or extinct species.</p> Marco Pavia Gion Boano ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 88 1 9 14 10.4081/rio.2018.340