Rivista Italiana di Ornitologia 2020-06-01T17:30:20+00:00 Emanuela Fusinato Open Journal Systems <p>The scientific journal <strong>Rivista Italiana di Ornitologia - Research in Ornithology (RIO)</strong> publishes original articles and short notes covering all major topics of ornithology twice yearly. The RIO was founded in 1911 by Ettore Arrigoni degli Oddi (1867–1942), Filippo Cavazza (1886–1953), Francesco Chigi (1881–1953), Alessandro Ghigi (1875–1970), Giacinto Martorelli (1855–1917) and Tommaso Salvadori (1835–1923). The first series ended its publication run in 1925, but the journal was revived as a second series in 1931, under the directorship of Arrigoni degli Oddi. In 1933, Edgardo Moltoni (1896–1980) took over as RIO Editor and became its owner and publisher up to his death. The Italian Society of Natural Sciences (Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali) then took over ownership of the RIO in 1981, publishing it in collaboration with the Museum of Natural History of Milan (Museo di Storia Naturale di Milano).</p> <p><br>This journal does not apply charge for publication to Authors as it is supported by institutional funds.</p> <p><br> The <strong>Rivista Italiana di Ornitologia</strong> is available as library exchange: <a href=""></a></p> [Trophic activity of <em>Vulpes vulpes</em> in a wetland: which effects on the reproductive biology of <em>Ardea purpurea</em>?] 2020-06-01T17:30:20+00:00 Gianfranco Alessandria Franco Carpegna <p>[In an <em>Ardea purpurea</em> colony regularly monitored from 2004 to 2018, some predatory events of <em>Vulpes vulpes</em> have been observed since 2010. This was followed by a reduction in the reproductive success and in the number of breeding pairs. Some herons likely abandoned their nests in the reed bed and moved to nesting on trees. The Authors discuss the possibility that these events were a consequence of the predatory activity of the red fox.]</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>[Article in Italian]</p> 2020-06-01T06:38:38+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 the Author(s) [First nesting of the Eurasian Oystercatcher <em>Haematopus ostralegus</em> in the inland Po Valley (Italy)] 2020-05-29T17:25:52+00:00 Nunzio Grattini Cristiano Mantovani <p>[Here we present the first report of Eurasian Oystercatcher nesting in the Province of Mantua; the nest was found on a sandbank on the Po river, in June 2017. This is the first case reported for the Po Valley away from the Adriatic coast].</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>[Article in Italian]</p> 2020-05-29T06:39:22+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 the Author(s) [The decline of one of the most threatened European birds of prey: 41 years of observations on the Lanner, <em>Falco biarmicus</em> in Sicily] 2020-05-29T17:26:20+00:00 Giovanni Salvo <p>[The results of a research on Lanner in southern Sicily, carried out between 1978 and 2018, are reported. 32 Lanner nesting territories have been taken into account, from sea level up to 1200 m of altitude. Until 2005, there were about 25 nesting pairs in the area; but in the following years there was a steady decline. At least 16 sites have been gradually abandoned because of human persecution and, at a lesser degree, of the interference with the Peregrine falcon, <em>Falco peregrinus,</em> and the Bonelli’s eagle, <em>Hieraaetus fasciatus</em>. At present, the number of Lanner pairs breeding in the study area is around 12. From 120 nesting attempts followed, 216 youngs fledged, with a productivity of 1.80, with breeding success of 1.98, fledging rate of 2.40. Out of 109 nests in which there was egg laying, 90 were successful. Out of successful nests, 11 fledged 1 young (12.2%); 37 nests 2 youngs (41.1 %); 37 nests, 3 youngs (41.1%); 5 nests, 4 youngs (5.6%). The number of pairs that have laid eggs, in relation to the number of the monitored nests, was of 90.8%. The ratio between the number of nests in which youngs were raised and the number of pairs that laid their eggs was 88.1%. The ratio between the number of nests from which youngs fledged and the number of breeding pairs was 93.7%.The number of successfully breeding nests, in relation to the number of monitored nests, was 75%. As regards the diet, birds represent Lanner’s most frequent preys. Out of the 415 preys identified, 383 (92.3%) are made up of birds, 29 (7%) by small mammals, 3 (0.7%) by reptiles. In addition to human persecution, the population of Lanner in Sicily is influenced by interspecific competition, particularly with the Peregrine falcon; but in 2 cliffs, about 1 km long and with a substantial wealth of prey, both falcons have been successfully reproducing for over 10 years].</p> <p>[Article in Italian]</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-05-29T06:27:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 the Author(s) Alulah Taibel (1892-1984) a remarkable ornithologist, aviculturist and zoo-biologist 2020-05-20T17:09:39+00:00 Spartaco Gippoliti <p>Alula Taibel has been an Italian zoologist of Austrian- Yemenite origin. After having served the Italian Army, he graduated in Natural Sciences at Bologna University in 1925. He was later director of the Poultry Station at Rovigo and scientific director of the Turin Zoological Garden. As to our knowledge no overview of his scientific work has never been published, a synthesis is here presented together with an almost complete list of his papers. Taibel has been one of the major experts on the Galliformes of the Cracidae family and therefore his papers on them are of particular relevance for ornithologists.</p> 2020-05-20T12:29:03+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 the Author(s) Habitat use during post-pre-breeding period in a Rock Sparrow <em>Petronia petronia</em> population 2020-05-20T13:15:16+00:00 Bruno Santucci Andrea Pulvirenti Samuele Ramellini Marinella Miglio <p>Most studies focusing on Rock Sparrow populations concern their breeding biology. With this study, we aim to investigate the wintering habitat and social behaviour outside the breeding period. In the study area the species is present all year long, and, outside the breeding period, birds frequently gather together on flocks of different size (3-150 individuals), which are larger in the coldest months. The habitat types most used by the species were cereal fields with crops in their first stage of development (17.71% ± 4.72 Standard Deviation) and arable stubbles, both of them with bushes and trees on their boundaries (82.4%), which likely provide shelters from predators. The bird species most frequently associated with Rock Sparrow flocks were Tree Sparrow, Starling and Crested Lark. Holes in the roof tiles of the same abandoned buildings used for breeding were also used as night shelters. The average hours of leaving and returning to the shelters was strictly related to the photoperiod (rs = -0.9405; 0.8810).</p> 2020-05-12T10:25:48+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 the Author(s) Oiseaux du Sahara Atlantique Marocain 2020-05-20T13:15:42+00:00 Marcello Grussu <p>Not available</p> 2020-05-12T10:13:13+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) [First successful nesting of the Bearded vulture (<em>Gypaetus barbatus</em>) in Piedmont since the beginning of the reintroduction project in the Alps] 2020-05-29T06:30:09+00:00 Maurizio Chiereghin Fabiano Sartirana <p>[In 2019, 57 Bearded vulture territories (Gypaetus barbatus) were counted in the Alps, 15 of which in Italy: 9 in the Stelvio National Park and in the Venosta Valley, 5 in the Aosta Valley inside and close by the Gran Paradiso National Park and 1 in the Lanzo Valleys, in the Province of Turin (Piedmont). Here, we deal with the latter territory, where the local couple has successfully reproduced and one young fledged on 18th August 2019. This event represents the first successful reproduction of the species in Piedmont since the beginning of the international reintroduction project, undertaken in 1976 and from the first releases of animals born in captivity since 1986].</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>[Article in Italian]</p> 2020-04-30T07:12:58+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) Long term trends and breeding parameters of Gull-billed Tern <em>Gelochelidon nilotica</em> in three Italian coastal sites 2020-05-20T13:16:38+00:00 Marcello Grussu Francesco Scarton Emiliano Verza Roberto G. Valle <p>Between 2001 and 2018 colonies of Gull-billed Tern were monitored in large wetland complexes of Veneto (lagoon of Venice and the Northern Po Delta) and Sardinia (western and southern) regions. Most of the colonies settled in man-made structures such as islets, levees, dams, located inside fish farms, fish ponds and salt pans. Laying took place around half May until early June (Veneto), with eggs occurring in the nests until half July (Sardinia). Colonies had 3-230 pairs, with several instances of isolated pairs; colonies were mono- or plurispecific, with other <em>Charadriiformes</em>. The number of eggs per clutch was 2.6±0.6 (N=111, 1 SD) in the Venice lagoon, 2.6±0.6 (N=182) in the Po delta, 2.3±0.70 (N=1007) in Sardinia; hatched eggs were 2.2±0.6 (N=111), 2.0±0.7 (N=182) and 1.7±0.67 (N=40) per nest, respectively. The most important cause of breeding failure was due to flooding of nesting sites, due to the rapid increase of water levels inside fish farms and salt pans. During the 2001-2018 years, the Gull-billed Tern nested regularly in Sardinia, whereas in the Po Delta the first nesting occurred in 2001 and in the lagoon of Venice in 2008. The whole population ranged between 34 and 417 pairs until 2017 (223.6±113.4, N=17), with a sudden increase up to almost 1,000 pairs in 2018; the overall trend is of strong increase (p&lt;0.01), with an annual rate of 10.5%.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) Atlante fotografico degli uccelli del Parco Nazionale della Sila con inediti contributi sull’avifauna silana 2020-05-20T13:17:06+00:00 Flavio Ferlini <p>Not available</p> 2020-04-08T09:28:18+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 the Authors Conoscerli, proteggerli. Guida allo stato di conservazione degli uccelli in Italia 2020-05-20T13:17:32+00:00 Flavio Ferlini <p>Not available</p> 2020-04-08T09:23:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 the Authors