Natural History Sciences <p>The scientific journal <strong>Natural History Sciences</strong> (formerly <em>Atti della Società italiana di Scienze naturali e del Museo civico di Storia naturale in Milano - ISSN 0037-8844</em>) was founded in 1859 to publish original research in natural sciences.<br> Publication of any paper depends on acceptance by the Editorial Board; the Editorial Board will not accept papers that do not meet the journal guidelines.<br> A section for <em>Short Notes</em> and <em>Book Reviews</em> is provided as well.<br><br>This journal does not apply charge for publication to Authors as it is supported by institutional funds.</p> <p><br> <strong>Natural History Sciences</strong> is available as library exchange: <a href=""></a></p> PAGEPress Scientific Publications, Pavia, Italy en-US Natural History Sciences 2385-0442 <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.<br><br> An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:</p> <ol> <li>the author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.</li> <li>a complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.</li> </ol> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> Haliplidae, Noteridae, Dytiscidae (Coleoptera) from Gabon (12th part). Moukalaba - Doudou National Park (mission 2014) and in an area North of the Park <p>This work concerns the Coleoptera Hydradephaga collected in several sites of the Moukalaba - Doudou National Park and in external zone North of the Park. In the Park 107 species have been collected, 109 species in external zone. The Authors describe 7 new species of Dytiscidae: <em>Hydrovatus rigatoi</em> n. sp. <em>(confossus</em> group) chiefly distinguishable for shape of penis; <em>Bidessus mboyei</em> n. sp. <em>(sharpi</em> group, ovoideus subgroup) close to <em>B. ovoideus</em> Régimbart, 1895 and <em>B. seydeli</em> Biström, 1885, distinguishable for smaller size and for shape of penis; <em>Clypeodytes acutipenis</em> n. sp. close to <em>C. densepunctatus</em> Biström, 1988, distinguishable for apex of penis clearly pointed; <em>Laccophilus</em> sinu<em>o</em>sipenis n. sp. <em>(deceptor</em> group) close to<em> L. bizonatus</em> Régimbart, 1895, distinguishable for sinuous shape of penis;<em> Laccophilus cianferonii</em> n. sp. <em>(deceptor</em> group) close to <em>L. bilardoi</em> Pederzani and Rocchi, 1982, chiefly distinguishable for shape of penis; <em>Copelatus bapounouensis</em> n. sp. <em>(erichsonii</em> group, <em>atrosulcatus</em> subgroup) close to <em>C. ellai</em> Bilardo and Rocchi, 1995, chiefly distinguishable for shape of penis; <em>Copelatus</em> gigas n. sp. <em>(erichsonii</em> group, <em>vigintisulcatus</em> subgroup) close to <em>C. fasciatus</em> Bilardo and Rocchi, 1995, chiefly distinguishable for large size and for shape of penis. Moreover some observations concerning the ecology and data about the distribution of several species are provided.</p> Armando Bilardo Saverio Rocchi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 6 1 41 60 10.4081/nhs.2019.399 In memory of Carlo Pesarini (1946-2017): biographical notes and scientific activity <p>The scientific contribution of Carlo Pesarini (Milan, 1946 - Ferrara, 2017), entomologist, araneologist and museologist amongst the most prolific and respected in Italy, is here presented with a brief biographical note, a list of the taxa he described and revised and of those dedicated to him, and a complete list of his scientific and popular publications.</p> Carlo Leonardi Enrico Muzio Andrea Sabbadini Roberto Caldara ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 6 1 61 76 10.4081/nhs.2019.403 The Norian Worthenia-like gastropods (Main Dolomite, Upper Triassic): reclassification of the specimens housed at the “Antonio Stoppani” Natural Museum, Italy <p>Despite being very common, the Norian gastropods of the Main Dolomite Formation usually referred to as <em>“Worthenia”,</em> have not been well classified yet. This is principally due to a dearth of well-preserved specimens. Moreover, the type material of the species instituted by Stoppani has not been re-examined in recent publications. Therefore, a thorough search for the Stoppani Collection’s reference types in the storerooms of the Museo di Storia Naturale di Milano has been carried out. This investigation revealed that the gastropod types from Main Dolomite described by Stoppani had effectively been lost, possibly following an air-bombing raid hitting the museum during World War II. Consequently, we here describe only two specimens from the portion of the Stoppani Collection housed at the Museo Scientifico Naturalistico “A. Stoppani”, Venegono Inferiore (Varese, Italy). These two specimens were collected by Antonio Stoppani in Songavazzo (Bergamo, Italy) that he himself identified as one of the type localities. These particularly well-preserved specimens display characters useful for their possible attribution to the genus <em>Wortheniella.</em></p> Vittorio Pieroni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-18 2019-03-18 6 1 37 40 10.4081/nhs.2019.398 A pinnotheroid pea crab (Decapoda, Brachyura, Pinnotheridae), from the early Pliocene of Cassine (Alessandria, Piemonte, NW Italy) <p>A pinnotheroid pea crab (Pinnotheridae De Haan, 1833), is here reported from the Zanclean (early Pliocene) clays of a quarry located S-SW of Cassine (Alessandria, Piemonte, NW Italy). Though the studied specimen cannot be assigned to any genus within the Pinnotherinae (Pinnotheridae De Haan, 1833), it is the first record from the Pliocene of Italy and paleo-Adriatic Gulf, increasing the knowledge of the presence and fossil distribution of this family in the Mediterranean area.</p> Giovanni Pasini Alessandro Garassino ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-18 2019-03-18 6 1 77 78 10.4081/nhs.2019.397 Decapod assemblage from the late Miocene (early-middle Messinian) of the Romagna Apennines nearby Brisighella, Emilia-Romagna (N Italy) <p>An assemblage of axiidean and brachyuran decapods is reported from the late Miocene pre-evaporitic (early-middle Messinian) limestone of Cò di Sasso, nearby Brisighella (Ravenna, Emilia- Romagna), located in Romagna Apennines (NE Italy). Except <em>Monodaeus bortolottii</em> Delle Cave, 1988 (Xanthidae MacLeay, 1838), which is reported here for the first time in Miocene, all the other specimens have been assigned to species previously known in the Italian Miocene (Messinian s.l.), but never reported in this area. The report of <em>Galathea</em> cf. <em>G. weinfurteri</em> Bachmayer, 1950 (Galatheidae Samouelle, 1819) and <em>Medorippe ampla</em> Garassino, De Angeli, Gallo and Pasini, 2004 (Dorippidae MacLeay, 1838) enlarges the stratigraphic range of these Miocene species. This report enlarges our limited knowledge on the composition and distribution of the axiidean, anomuran, and brachyuran decapods during the early-middle Messinian before the evaporitic event in the Mediterranean Basin.</p> Giovanni Pasini Alessandro Garassino Marco Sami ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-18 2019-03-18 6 1 27 32 10.4081/nhs.2019.394 The Aplocnemus Stephens, 1830, of Greece (Coleoptera, Cleroidea, Dasytidae). A contribution to their knowledge <p>The first part of the paper includes an overview of genus <em>Aplocnemus</em> and a discussion of the related subgenera; as a result one of them is placed in synonymy: <em>Holcopleura</em> Schilsky, 1894 = <em>Aplocnemus (Aplocnemus)</em> Stephens, 1830. The second part deals with the 16 <em>Aplocnemus</em> species found to live in Greece. Out of these, 9 are fully discussed, with descriptions and drawings of dissected structures (median lobe, tegmen, last sternite). The remaining 7 have been already – and rather recently – considered and illustrated in previous papers: for them only new taxonomic and/or distributional information are herewith supplied. One new taxon is described: <em>Aplocnemus henrici</em> sp. n from northern Greece and Bulgaria. 9 new synonymies, at species level, are proposed: <em>A. macedonicus</em> Pic, 1922 = <em>A. (Aplocnemus)</em> basalis (Küster, 1849); <em>A. pristocerus</em> Kiesenwetter, 1859 = <em>A</em>. <em>(Aplocnemus)</em> caelatus (Brullé, 1832); <em>A</em>. <em>brevissimus</em> Pic, 1908 = <em>A</em>. <em>(Aplocnemus)</em> quercicola Mulsant and Rey, 1968; <em>A. kiesenwetteri</em> Schilsky, 1897 = <em>A. (Aplocnemus)</em> rufipes Miller, 1862;<em> A. turcicus</em> Schilsky, 1897 = <em>A</em>. <em>(Aplocnemus)</em> reitteri Schilsky, 1894; <em>A. cribripennis</em> Pic, 1921 = <em>A. (Aplocnemus)</em> serratus (Brullé, 1832); <em>A. latior</em> Pic, 1908, <em>A. thessalicus</em> Pic, 1908 and <em>A. atricorni</em>s Pic, 1921 =<em> A</em>. <em>(Diplambe) abietum</em> Kiesenwetter, 1859.</p> Gianfranco Liberti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 6 1 3 26 10.4081/nhs.2019.389 First records of Lygaeus simulans Deckert, 1985 for Albania (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeidae: Lygaeinae) <p>The first records of <em>Lygaeus simulans</em> Deckert, 1985 in Albania are reported. Additional information on the ecology (habitat preferences, host plants) and the distribution of this species is given.</p> Torsten van der Heyden Paride Dioli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 6 1 33 36 10.4081/nhs.2019.395 A survey of the Elymus L. s. l. species complex (Triticeae, Poaceae) in Italy: taxa and nothotaxa, new combinations and identification key <p><em>Elymus</em> s. l. is a critical topic on which only a little light has begun to be made regarding phylogenetic reticulation, genome evolution and consistency of genera. In Italy, <em>Elymus</em> s. l. officially includes ten species (nine native, one alien) and some well-established and widespread hybrids generally not treated as little or nothing is known of them. In this paper fourteen species (with two subspecies) and six hybrids are taken into account and the following seven new combinations are proposed: <em>Thinopyrum acutum</em> (DC.) Banfi, <em>Thinopyrum corsicum</em> (Hack.) Banfi, <em>Thinopyrum intermedium </em>(Host) Barkworth and Dewey subsp. <em>pouzolzii</em> (Godr.) Banfi, <em>Thinopyrum obtusiflorum</em> (DC.) Banfi, <em>Thinopyrum ×duvalii</em> (Loret) Banfi, <em>×Thinoelymus drucei</em> (Stace) Banfi, <em>×Thinoelymus mucronatus</em> (Opiz) Banfi. Some observations are provided for each subject and a key to species, subspecies and hybrids is made available.</p> Enrico Banfi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-03 2018-10-03 6 1 10.4081/nhs.2018.392 A multitaxa and expert based approach for the identification of Priority Areas for biodiversity conservation in the Verbano Cusio Ossola Province, Italy <p>In this article we present the results of a multitaxa and expert based methodology aimed at the identification of Priority Areas for Biodiversity Conservation in the Province of Verbano Cusio Ossola (VCO), located in North Eastern Piedmont, Italy. The multitaxa approach was based on the selection of focal species and habitats that were considered indicators of high levels of biodiversity, belonging to one of the following themes: a) Flora and Vegetation, b) Invertebrates, c) Aquatic Ecosystems and Fish, d) Amphibians and Reptiles, e) Birds, f) Mammals. We gathered a group of 25 expert naturalists, biologists and researchers, possessing wide knowledge built during field studies and researches carried out in VCO, to whom we asked to select Important and Peculiar Areas for the conservation of biodiversity related to their themes and to draw them on the map. [...]</p> Lucia Pompilio Radames Bionda Andrea Mosini Giuseppe Bogliani Fabio Casale Claudio Celada Elena Rossini Massimo Soldarini ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-03 2018-10-03 6 1 10.4081/nhs.2018.391 Addenda to the lichen flora of the Ticino river valley (western Po Plain, Italy) <p>The Ticino river valley is a focal area for biodiversity in the western Po Plain (Northern Italy). Lichens have been collected by the author from 91 sites in the period 2011-2017. These collections and the few literature data published in the last decade have been summarized. Twenty-eight species (15 terricolous, 5 epiphytic, 3 lignicolous, 3 saxicolous, 1 epiphytic and lignicolous, 1 terricolous and epiphytic), mostly belonging to genus <em>Cladonia</em>, are reported here as addenda to the floristic list published 15 years ago by the Lombardy Ticino Park, which included 123 species. Many of the newly recorded species are interesting under a conservation or biogeographical standpoint.</p> Gabriele Gheza ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-03 2018-10-03 6 1 10.4081/nhs.2018.381