Natural History Sciences <p>The scientific journal <strong>Natural History Sciences</strong> (formerly <em>Atti della Società italiana di Scienze naturali e del Museo civico di Storia naturale in Milano - ISSN 0037-8844</em>) was founded in 1859 to publish original research in natural sciences.<br> Publication of any paper depends on acceptance by the Editorial Board; the Editorial Board will not accept papers that do not meet the journal guidelines.<br> A section for <em>Short Notes</em> and <em>Book Reviews</em> is provided as well.<br><br> <strong>Natural History Sciences</strong> is available as library exchange: <a href=""></a></p> PAGEPress Scientific Publications, Pavia, Italy en-US Natural History Sciences 2385-0442 <p>PAGEPress has chosen to apply the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 License</a> (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published. <br><br>An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:<br><br> 1. 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Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</p> Taxonomic revision of Leiosoma cribrum species group (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Molytinae) The species of the genus <em>Leiosoma</em> Stephens, 1829 close to <em>Leiosoma cribrum</em> (Gyllenhal, 1834) are reviewed. The<em> Leiosoma cribrum</em> species group is proposed. <em>Leiosoma</em> <em>cribrum</em> (Gyllenhal, 1834) and <em>Leiosoma</em> <em>concinnum</em> Boheman, 1842 are redescribed; lectotypes are designated for both species. Neotypes are designated for <em>Liosoma</em> <em>carpathicum</em> Brancsik, 1899 and <em>Liosoma</em> <em>isabellae</em> Tschapeck, 1874. Four new species are described: <em>Leiosoma diottii</em> n.sp. (southern Italy),<em> Leiosoma komovicum</em> n.sp. (Montenegro), <em>Leiosoma kostal</em>i n.sp. and <em>Leiosoma senex</em> n.sp. (Romania). A key to the species of the group is provided. Observations on the ecology and remarks for each species are reported. The species of the Leiosoma cribrum group are mostly spread over high-mountain ecosystems. Guido Pedroni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-27 2018-02-27 10.4081/nhs.2018.342 Additions to the vascular flora of central Italy. Second contribution. In this paper, new floristic records for 55 taxa for central Italy are reported. In particular, 39 taxa are native and 16 aliens, 9 are new or confirmed to Abruzzo, 1 to Marche, 21 to Molise, 16 to Umbria, 1 is excluded from the flora of Abruzzo, 1 from Molise and 1 from Lazio. Furthermore, new distribution data for 2 rare species in Abruzzo and Molise are reported. Fabio Conti Francesco Falcinelli Donato Palermo Marco Paolucci Pasqualino Paris Gianniantonio Domina Aurelio Manzi Lorenzo Gallo Giancarlo Tondi Riccardo Pennesi Domizia Donnini Fabrizio Bartolucci ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-27 2018-02-27 10.4081/nhs.2018.378 [Noteridae, Dytiscidae (Coleoptera) of Gabon (11th part). Birougou Monts National Park (mission 2016)] <p>[Article in French]</p>This work concerns the Coleoptera Hydradephaga collected in several sites of the Birougou Monts National Park (Republic of Gabon), in which altogether 67 species are listed (4 Noteridae and 63 Dytiscidae). The authors describe 6 new species (1 Noteridae and 5 Dytiscidae): <em>Canthydrus lepidus</em> (notula group) distinguishable from other african species for elytral drawing and for shape of penis; <em>Hyphydrus</em> <em>simulans</em> (opaculus group) close to <em>H. congoanus</em> Biström, 1982 and <em>H. ntsa</em> Bilardo &amp; Rocchi, 2008, distinguishable for shape of penis; Liodessus contractipenis distinguishable for shape of penis clearly different from all other species know for Africa; <em>Copelatus apicinotatus</em> (erichsonii group, atrosulcatus subgroup) close to bottegoi Régimbart, 1895 and distinguishable chiefly for shape of penis; <em>Copelatus</em> <em>birougouensis</em> (haemorrhoidalis, group, ferruginicollis subgroup, sensu Guignot, 1961 = hydroporoides group, sensu Nilsson &amp; Hájek, 2017) with penis different that one other all african species know of group; <em>Hydaticus</em> (Prodaticus) <em>lepemangoyei</em> (leander group, leander subgroup) close to <em>H. arcuatus</em> Régimbart, 1895 and <em>H. matruelis</em> Clark, 1864, distinguishable for more width of body and for shape of penis. Besides observations concerning some of the collected species are furnished. Armando Bilardo Saverio Rocchi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 10.4081/nhs.2018.354 Amazighopsidae, a new family of decapod macruran astacideans from the late Cretaceous (Cenomanian-Turonian) of Gara Sbaa, Southeastern Morocco We investigate a new decapod macruran discovered in deposits identified at the top of Gara Sbaa slope, located in SE Morocco, along the “Hamada des Kem Kem”, close to the Algerian border. These fossiliferous levels are known in the literature as part of the Late Cretaceous Kem Kem beds. We report the new family Amazighopsidae, created to accommodate <em>Amazighopsis</em> <em>cretacica</em> n. gen., n. sp. Indeed, some morphological characters, such as a short rostrum with the serrate upper margin, cervical and antennal grooves not forming the characteristic W-shaped pattern, the telson without diaeresis, lateral margins of the telson with one movable median spine and two movable distal spines, and the uropodal exopod without diaeresis, are so peculiar and unique to justify the erection of the new family tentatively ascribed to the infraorder Astacidea. Alessandro Garassino Giovanni Pasini ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 10.4081/nhs.2018.358 Nomenclatural novelties for the Euro+Med flora Today’s plant phylogeny more and more deals with ranks from the genus down, so changes in current taxonomy and nomenclature are frequently requested. For this reason, referring to the Euro+Med flora, we take here into account 20 taxa and recover the following forgotten nomenclatural combinations: <em>Bidens atrosanguinea</em> (Hook.) Regel, <em>B.</em> <em>formosa</em> (Bonato) Sch.Bip., <em>B. sulphurea</em> (Cav.) Sch.Bip., and <em>B. tinctoria</em> (Nutt.) Baill. ex Daydon. Moreover we propose the new names <em>Agrostis linkii</em> Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>Bidens selenactis</em> Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>Bidens sweetiana</em> Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, and the new combinations <em>Achnatherum paradoxum</em> (L.) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>A. virescens</em> (Trin.) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>Agrostis</em> <em>linkii</em> Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci subsp. prostrata (Hack. &amp; Lange) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>Bidens</em> <em>atkinsoniana</em> (Douglas ex Lindl.) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>B. basalis</em> (A.Dietr.) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>B. gladiata</em> (Walter) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>B. lanceolata</em> (L.) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>Calamagrostis</em> <em>arenaria</em> (L.) Roth subsp. <em>arundinacea</em> (Husn.) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>Prunus</em> ×<em>hybrida</em> (Schmidt) Galasso, Banfi &amp; Bartolucci, <em>Solanum aethiopicum</em> L. subsp. <em>anguivi</em> (Lam.) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>S.</em> <em>macrocarpon</em> L. subsp. <em>dasyphyllum</em> (Schumach. &amp; Thonn.) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, <em>S</em>. <em>melongena</em> L. subsp. <em>insanum</em> (L.) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Bartolucci, and <em>Trisetaria argentea</em> (Willd.) Banfi, Galasso &amp; Soldano. Enrico Banfi Gabriele Galasso Fabrizio Bartolucci ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-22 2017-12-22 10.4081/nhs.2018.365 Lucanus gradivus n. sp. from Vietnam, with new records of L. fujitai Katsura & Giang from Vietnam and Laos (Coleoptera, Lucanidae) <em>Lucanus gradivus</em> n.sp. from Vietnam is described. It belongs to the large of <em>L. fortunei</em> Saunders, 1854 species group and is closely related to <em>L. fujitai</em> Katsura &amp; Giang 2002. <em>Lucanus</em> <em>gradivus</em> differs mainly through the stronger and differently denticulated mandibles, larger and more pronounced posterolateral corners of the cephalic lobes, and the aedeagus, with longer flagellum, shorter and thinner median lobe, and longer apically curved parameres. Jin Sato Michele Zilioli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 10.4081/nhs.2018.382 Palaemon monsdamarum n. sp. (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae) from the late Miocene of Mondaino (Rimini, Emilia-Romagna, Italy) We report <em>Palaemon</em> <em>monsdamarum</em> n. sp. (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae) from the tripoli of the Messinian (upper Miocene) of Mondaino (Rimini, Emilia-Romagna, Italy). The presence of a new caridean species expands the scarce knowledge on the distribution and environmental range for the genus, usually scarcely reported in the worldwide Cenozoic fossil record. This is the first report of a carideans from the Miocene of Italy. Giovanni Pasini Alessandro Garassino ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 10.4081/nhs.2018.357 New records for Lygaeus creticus Lucas, 1854 in Italy and Corsica (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeidae). First occurrence records for <em>Lygaeus creticus</em> Lucas, 1854 in Trentino- Alto Adige, Apulia, Pantelleria Island, and Corsica are given. First records with precise locality for Tuscany are also provided. Fabio Cianferoni Filippo Ceccolini Paride Dioli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 10.4081/nhs.2018.346 About the presence of Crocidura suaveolens group (Soricomorpha, Soricidae) on Astipalaia Island (Dodecanese, Greece) The presence of <em>Crocidura</em> sp. on Astipalaia Island was shown, for the first time, in the nineties of the twentieth century. After the re-examination of the already available specimens and the analysis of the more recent material, it emerged that this insular shrew population refers to <em>Crocidura</em> <em>suaveolens</em> group. The presence of this <em>taxon</em> is also reported for the neighboring island of Amorgos. The presence of <em>Crocidura</em> <em>suaveolens</em> group in the Mediterranean islands is a result of Pleistocene survivors as well as human introductions, a both morphometric and genetics investigation on these specimens is deserving of further insights. Francesco M. Angelici Cristina Cattaneo Mauro Grano Armando Nappi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 10.4081/nhs.2018.338 Le aree prioritarie per la biodiversità della provincia di Novara. Una proposta multidisciplinare Con questa ricerca sono state individuate le Aree prioritarie per la conservazione della biodiversità della provincia di Novara quale operazione di partenza al fine di disegnare, in una fase successiva, la Rete Ecologica Provinciale su basi naturalistiche. A questa operazione hanno partecipato 26 naturalisti esperti, ossia dotati di competenze personali pregresse e di adeguata conoscenza del territorio della provincia di Novara, per i seguenti 6 temi focali: (a) Flora e vegetazione, (b) Invertebrati, (c) Anfibi e Rettili, (d) Uccelli, (e) Mammiferi, (f) Ecosistemi acquatici e pesci. Agli esperti è stato chiesto di individuare i temi focali più rappresentativi per la loro disciplina e di assegnare in modo comparativo un valore naturalistico di aree diverse del territorio provinciale. La metodologia adottata, basata sull’ottenimento delle informazioni dirette da parte dei maggiori esperti presenti sul territorio, è stata integrata per porzioni del territorio poco esplorato con un’analisi in ambiente GIS sulla base di database dell’uso del suolo e delle pressioni antropiche. Questo ha permesso di cartografare le aree più importanti per la conservazione della biodiversità. La gap analysis delle Aree prioritarie con le Aree protette e con altre categorie di tutela del territorio già presenti (parchi e riserve naturali, SIC, ZPS), ha permesso di valutare l’efficacia di queste seconde per la conservazione della biodiversità. Le Aree prioritarie sono state effettivamente localizzate quasi totalmente ma non esclusivamente in Aree protette. Tuttavia, l’insieme delle Aree protette del territorio novarese escludeva porzioni significative di territori di elevato valore per la biodiversità, ora meglio definiti con questa ricerca. Giuseppe Bogliani Fabio Casale Claudio Celada Luciano Crua Romina Di Paolo Massimiliano Ferrarato Nicola Gilio Federica Luoni Matteo Massara Tiziana Masuzzo Massimo Soldarini Davide Vietti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-06-09 2017-06-09 10.4081/nhs.2017.343