https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/issue/feed Natural History Sciences 2019-01-17T08:38:07+01:00 Emanuela Fusinato emanuela.fusinato@pagepress.org Open Journal Systems <p>The scientific journal <strong>Natural History Sciences</strong> (formerly <em>Atti della Società italiana di Scienze naturali e del Museo civico di Storia naturale in Milano - ISSN 0037-8844</em>) was founded in 1859 to publish original research in natural sciences.<br> Publication of any paper depends on acceptance by the Editorial Board; the Editorial Board will not accept papers that do not meet the journal guidelines.<br> A section for <em>Short Notes</em> and <em>Book Reviews</em> is provided as well.<br><br>This journal does not apply charge for publication to Authors as it is supported by institutional funds.</p> <p><br> <strong>Natural History Sciences</strong> is available as library exchange: <a href="mailto:C.MSNMbiblioteca@comune.milano.it">C.MSNMbiblioteca@comune.milano.it</a></p> https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/article/view/389 The Aplocnemus Stephens, 1830, of Greece (Coleoptera, Cleroidea, Dasytidae). A contribution to their knowledge 2019-01-17T08:37:59+01:00 Gianfranco Liberti gianfrancoliberti@alice.it <p>The first part of the paper includes an overview of genus <em>Aplocnemus</em> and a discussion of the related subgenera; as a result one of them is placed in synonymy: <em>Holcopleura</em> Schilsky, 1894 = <em>Aplocnemus (Aplocnemus)</em> Stephens, 1830. The second part deals with the 16 <em>Aplocnemus</em> species found to live in Greece. Out of these, 9 are fully discussed, with descriptions and drawings of dissected structures (median lobe, tegmen, last sternite). The remaining 7 have been already – and rather recently – considered and illustrated in previous papers: for them only new taxonomic and/or distributional information are herewith supplied. One new taxon is described: <em>Aplocnemus henrici</em> sp. n from northern Greece and Bulgaria. 9 new synonymies, at species level, are proposed: <em>A. macedonicus</em> Pic, 1922 = <em>A. (Aplocnemus)</em> basalis (Küster, 1849); <em>A. pristocerus</em> Kiesenwetter, 1859 = <em>A</em>. <em>(Aplocnemus)</em> caelatus (Brullé, 1832); <em>A</em>. <em>brevissimus</em> Pic, 1908 = <em>A</em>. <em>(Aplocnemus)</em> quercicola Mulsant &amp; Rey, 1968; <em>A. kiesenwetteri</em> Schilsky, 1897 = <em>A. (Aplocnemus)</em> rufipes Miller, 1862;<em> A. turcicus</em> Schilsky, 1897 = <em>A</em>. <em>(Aplocnemus)</em> reitteri Schilsky, 1894; <em>A. cribripennis</em> Pic, 1921 = <em>A. (Aplocnemus)</em> serratus (Brullé, 1832); <em>A. latior</em> Pic, 1908, <em>A. thessalicus</em> Pic, 1908 and <em>A. atricorni</em>s Pic, 1921 =<em> A</em>. <em>(Diplambe) abietum</em> Kiesenwetter, 1859.</p> 2018-11-29T08:44:09+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/article/view/395 First records of Lygaeus simulans Deckert, 1985 for Albania (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeidae: Lygaeinae) 2019-01-17T08:38:00+01:00 Torsten van der Heyden tmvdh@web.de Paride Dioli paridedioli@virgilio.it <p>The first records of <em>Lygaeus simulans</em> Deckert, 1985 in Albania are reported. Additional information on the ecology (habitat preferences, host plants) and the distribution of this species is given.</p> 2018-11-29T08:34:34+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/article/view/392 A survey of the Elymus L. s. l. species complex (Triticeae, Poaceae) in Italy: taxa and nothotaxa, new combinations and identification key 2019-01-17T08:38:01+01:00 Enrico Banfi parajubaea@gmail.com <p><em>Elymus</em> s. l. is a critical topic on which only a little light has begun to be made regarding phylogenetic reticulation, genome evolution and consistency of genera. In Italy, <em>Elymus</em> s. l. officially includes ten species (nine native, one alien) and some well-established and widespread hybrids generally not treated as little or nothing is known of them. In this paper fourteen species (with two subspecies) and six hybrids are taken into account and the following seven new combinations are proposed: <em>Thinopyrum acutum</em> (DC.) Banfi, <em>Thinopyrum corsicum</em> (Hack.) Banfi, <em>Thinopyrum intermedium </em>(Host) Barkworth and Dewey subsp. <em>pouzolzii</em> (Godr.) Banfi, <em>Thinopyrum obtusiflorum</em> (DC.) Banfi, <em>Thinopyrum ×duvalii</em> (Loret) Banfi, <em>×Thinoelymus drucei</em> (Stace) Banfi, <em>×Thinoelymus mucronatus</em> (Opiz) Banfi. Some observations are provided for each subject and a key to species, subspecies and hybrids is made available.</p> 2018-10-03T10:39:18+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/article/view/391 A multitaxa and expert based approach for the identification of Priority Areas for biodiversity conservation in the Verbano Cusio Ossola Province, Italy 2019-01-17T08:38:02+01:00 Lucia Pompilio lucia.pompilio@libero.it Radames Bionda rada.bionda@libero.it Andrea Mosini mosiniandrea@gmail.com Giuseppe Bogliani bogliani@unipv.it Fabio Casale fabio.casale@libero.it Claudio Celada claudio.celada@lipu.it Elena Rossini elena.rossini@lipu.it Massimo Soldarini massimo.soldarini@lipu.it <p>In this article we present the results of a multitaxa and expert based methodology aimed at the identification of Priority Areas for Biodiversity Conservation in the Province of Verbano Cusio Ossola (VCO), located in North Eastern Piedmont, Italy. The multitaxa approach was based on the selection of focal species and habitats that were considered indicators of high levels of biodiversity, belonging to one of the following themes: a) Flora and Vegetation, b) Invertebrates, c) Aquatic Ecosystems and Fish, d) Amphibians and Reptiles, e) Birds, f) Mammals. We gathered a group of 25 expert naturalists, biologists and researchers, possessing wide knowledge built during field studies and researches carried out in VCO, to whom we asked to select Important and Peculiar Areas for the conservation of biodiversity related to their themes and to draw them on the map. [...]</p> 2018-10-03T10:16:40+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/article/view/381 Addenda to the lichen flora of the Ticino river valley (western Po Plain, Italy) 2019-01-17T08:38:02+01:00 Gabriele Gheza gheza.gabriele@gmail.com <p>The Ticino river valley is a focal area for biodiversity in the western Po Plain (Northern Italy). Lichens have been collected by the author from 91 sites in the period 2011-2017. These collections and the few literature data published in the last decade have been summarized. Twenty-eight species (15 terricolous, 5 epiphytic, 3 lignicolous, 3 saxicolous, 1 epiphytic and lignicolous, 1 terricolous and epiphytic), mostly belonging to genus <em>Cladonia</em>, are reported here as addenda to the floristic list published 15 years ago by the Lombardy Ticino Park, which included 123 species. Many of the newly recorded species are interesting under a conservation or biogeographical standpoint.</p> 2018-10-03T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/article/view/367 Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of San Marino 2019-01-17T08:38:03+01:00 Fabrizio Rigato fabrizio.rigato@comune.milano.it James K. Wetterer wetterer@fau.edu <p>A recent catalog of the ants of Europe and surrounding areas listed no ants recorded from San Marino. One afternoon of collecting in urban sites of San Marino yielded 23 ant species: <em>Aphaenogaster subterranea, Camponotus aethiops, Camponotus fallax, Camponotus lateralis, Camponotus piceus, Crematogaster scutellaris, Formica cunicularia, Formica gagates, Hypoponera eduardi, Lasius emarginatus, Lasius lasioides, Lasius paralienus, Messor structor, Pheidole pallidula, Plagiolepis pygmaea, Tapinoma nigerrimum s.l., Temnothorax angustulus, Temnothorax flavicornis, Temnothorax italicus, Temnothorax lichtensteini, Temnothorax tergestinus, Temnothorax unifasciatus</em>, and <em>Tetramorium caespitum.</em> Surprisingly, despite collecting in heavily disturbed urban sites, none of the ants known so far from San Marino are exotic to Europe.</p> 2018-08-08T10:37:59+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/article/view/385 Colin P. Groves (1942-2017) and his legacy 2019-01-17T08:38:04+01:00 Spartaco Gippoliti spartaco.gippoliti@tiscali.it <p>not available</p> 2018-08-06T15:50:51+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/article/view/376 Terrace springs: habitat haven for macrobenthic fauna in the lower plain of the River Ticino (Lombardy, Northern Italy) 2019-01-17T08:38:04+01:00 Renato Sconfietti renato.sconfietti@unipv.it India Pesci india.pesci@unipv.it Daniele Paganelli daniele.paganelli@unipv.it <p>Springs are important environments between hypogean and epigean habitats; the interaction between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems is an important factor for their biotic communities. We investigated the ecology of the macrobenthic community of two lowland springs in the River Ticino valley, focusing on the autoecology of some relevant species and on the role of springs as hotspots of biodiversity in an area threatened by anthropogenic pressure. We collected 26 <em>taxa</em> in total: diptera (8), trichoptera (6), gastropods (5), coleoptera (2), crustacea (2), lumbricidae (1), odonata (1), plathelminthes (1). Some of them are stenothermal and oligotrophic species thus quite unusual for a flood plain area characterized by intensive agricultural activities. In conclusion, our study highlights the importance of lowland springs in conserving some habitat-selective macrobenthic species.</p> 2018-08-06T12:55:08+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/article/view/359 Critical review of fossil record of Ranina Lamarck, 1801 (Decapoda, Brachyura, Raninidae), with description of Tethyranina n. gen. 2019-01-17T08:38:07+01:00 Giovanni Pasini juanaldopasini@tiscali.it Alessandro Garassino alessandro.garassino@comune.milano.it <p>Pasini and Garassino (2017a) revised the fossil record referred to <em>Ranina</em> Lamarck, 1801 by Karasawa <em>et al.</em> (2014). As result only four species were considered as possible valid species within <em>Ranina: R. palmea</em> E. Sismonda, 1846, <em>R. pellattieroi</em> De Angeli and Beschin, 2011, <em>R. propinqua</em> Ristori, 1891, and <em>R. ranina</em> (Linnaeus, 1758). These species are herein revised and discussed, based on updated observations and critical review of the fossil materials and on a re-definition of the main diagnostic proxy characters <em>sensu</em> Schweitzer (2003) of the type species <em>R. ranina</em> (Linnaeus, 1758). This review allows us to establish that <em>R. ranina</em> from the middle Pleistocene of Ryukyu Islands (Japan) and <em>R. palmea</em> from the middle Miocene of Italy have consistent proxy characters with the extant Ranina to be considered as valid species within the genus. Moreover, <em>Tethyranina</em> n. gen., with <em>T. propinqua</em> (Ristori, 1891) n. comb., is herein proposed to accommodate this questionable fossil species previously assigned to <em>Ranina</em>. Finally <em>R. pellattieroi</em> De Angeli and Beschin, 2011, lacking the typical characters of <em>Ranina</em>, is considered as a doubtful species within Ranininae.</p> 2018-08-06T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sisn.pagepress.org/index.php/nhs/article/view/364 Basic problems of biogeography 2019-01-17T08:38:07+01:00 Aldo Zullini aldo.zullini@unimib.it <p>Darwin interpreted most of biogeographic distributions as a consequence of dispersal events. The dispersionist approach lasted till the half of the XX century, but then an alternative paradigm arose: vicariantist biogeography. Madagascan carnivores and lemurs, <em>e.g.</em>, were considered as heirs of old Gondwanian ancestors. But new phylogeographic research, based on molecular biology, discovered that they evolved, in different times, after the parting of Madagascar from continental Africa, supporting the dispersionist approach. Nowadays, the two paradigms are welcome in all the different cases, thus avoiding the old disputes typical of the last century.</p> 2018-08-06T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##