Natural History Sciences 2018-09-18T03:54:15+02:00 Emanuela Fusinato Open Journal Systems <p>The scientific journal <strong>Natural History Sciences</strong> (formerly <em>Atti della Società italiana di Scienze naturali e del Museo civico di Storia naturale in Milano - ISSN 0037-8844</em>) was founded in 1859 to publish original research in natural sciences.<br> Publication of any paper depends on acceptance by the Editorial Board; the Editorial Board will not accept papers that do not meet the journal guidelines.<br> A section for <em>Short Notes</em> and <em>Book Reviews</em> is provided as well.<br><br> <strong>Natural History Sciences</strong> is available as library exchange: <a href=""></a></p> Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of San Marino 2018-09-18T03:54:04+02:00 Fabrizio Rigato James K. Wetterer <p>A recent catalog of the ants of Europe and surrounding areas listed no ants recorded from San Marino. One afternoon of collecting in urban sites of San Marino yielded 23 ant species: <em>Aphaenogaster subterranea, Camponotus aethiops, Camponotus fallax, Camponotus lateralis, Camponotus piceus, Crematogaster scutellaris, Formica cunicularia, Formica gagates, Hypoponera eduardi, Lasius emarginatus, Lasius lasioides, Lasius paralienus, Messor structor, Pheidole pallidula, Plagiolepis pygmaea, Tapinoma nigerrimum s.l., Temnothorax angustulus, Temnothorax flavicornis, Temnothorax italicus, Temnothorax lichtensteini, Temnothorax tergestinus, Temnothorax unifasciatus</em>, and <em>Tetramorium caespitum.</em> Surprisingly, despite collecting in heavily disturbed urban sites, none of the ants known so far from San Marino are exotic to Europe.</p> 2018-08-08T10:37:59+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Colin P. Groves (1942-2017) and his legacy 2018-09-18T03:54:05+02:00 Spartaco Gippoliti <p>not available</p> 2018-08-06T15:50:51+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Terrace springs: habitat haven for macrobenthic fauna in the lower plain of the River Ticino (Lombardy, Northern Italy) 2018-09-18T03:54:06+02:00 Renato Sconfietti India Pesci Daniele Paganelli <p>Springs are important environments between hypogean and epigean habitats; the interaction between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems is an important factor for their biotic communities. We investigated the ecology of the macrobenthic community of two lowland springs in the River Ticino valley, focusing on the autoecology of some relevant species and on the role of springs as hotspots of biodiversity in an area threatened by anthropogenic pressure. We collected 26 <em>taxa</em> in total: diptera (8), trichoptera (6), gastropods (5), coleoptera (2), crustacea (2), lumbricidae (1), odonata (1), plathelminthes (1). Some of them are stenothermal and oligotrophic species thus quite unusual for a flood plain area characterized by intensive agricultural activities. In conclusion, our study highlights the importance of lowland springs in conserving some habitat-selective macrobenthic species.</p> 2018-08-06T12:55:08+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Basic problems of biogeography 2018-09-18T03:54:06+02:00 Aldo Zullini <p>Darwin interpreted most of biogeographic distributions as a consequence of dispersal events. The dispersionist approach lasted till the half of the XX century, but then an alternative paradigm arose: vicariantist biogeography. Madagascan carnivores and lemurs, <em>e.g.</em>, were considered as heirs of old Gondwanian ancestors. But new phylogeographic research, based on molecular biology, discovered that they evolved, in different times, after the parting of Madagascar from continental Africa, supporting the dispersionist approach. Nowadays, the two paradigms are welcome in all the different cases, thus avoiding the old disputes typical of the last century.</p> 2018-08-06T12:49:44+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Critical review of fossil record of Ranina Lamarck, 1801 (Decapoda, Brachyura, Raninidae), with description of Tethyranina n. gen. 2018-09-18T03:54:07+02:00 Giovanni Pasini Alessandro Garassino <p>Pasini &amp; Garassino (2017a) revised the fossil record referred to <em>Ranina</em> Lamarck, 1801 by Karasawa <em>et al.</em> (2014). As result only four species were considered as possible valid species within <em>Ranina: R. palmea</em> E. Sismonda, 1846, <em>R. pellattieroi</em> De Angeli &amp; Beschin, 2011, <em>R. propinqua</em> Ristori, 1891, and <em>R. ranina</em> (Linnaeus, 1758). These species are herein revised and discussed, based on updated observations and critical review of the fossil materials and on a re-definition of the main diagnostic proxy characters <em>sensu</em> Schweitzer (2003) of the type species <em>R. ranina</em> (Linnaeus, 1758). This review allows us to establish that <em>R. ranina</em> from the middle Pleistocene of Ryukyu Islands (Japan) and <em>R. palmea</em> from the middle Miocene of Italy have consistent proxy characters with the extant Ranina to be considered as valid species within the genus. Moreover, <em>Tethyranina</em> n. gen., with <em>T. propinqua</em> (Ristori, 1891) n. comb., is herein proposed to accommodate this questionable fossil species previously assigned to <em>Ranina</em>. Finally <em>R. pellattieroi</em> De Angeli &amp; Beschin, 2011, lacking the typical characters of <em>Ranina</em>, is considered as a doubtful species within Ranininae.</p> 2018-08-06T12:45:35+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Decapod crustaceans from the late Pliocene (Piacenzian) nearby Faenza (Emilia-Romagna, N Italy) 2018-09-18T03:54:14+02:00 Giovanni Pasini Alessandro Garassino Marco Sami <p>Several specimens of anomuran and brachyuran decapods are reported from the late Pliocene clays (Argille Azzurre Fm.) at localities nearby Faenza (Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna), located in the foothills of Romagna Apennines (NE Italy). The specimens were assigned to species already reported from the Pliocene of Italy, but never previously recorded in this area. This new report enlarges our knowledge on the composition and distribution of the brachyuran decapods along the Pliocene coastline of the Adriatic Gulf of the paleo- Mediterranean Sea.</p> 2018-08-06T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Report of brachyuran crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda) from the Pliocene of Borgomanero, Novara (Piedmont, NW Italy) 2018-09-18T03:54:15+02:00 Giovanni Pasini Alessandro Garassino Piero Damarco <p>Some brachyuran crabs from the Pliocene of a new outcrop nearby Borgomanero (Novara, Piedmont, NW Italy) are reported. This study allows us to recognize a peculiar brachyuran crabs assemblage including: <em>Macropipus</em> cf. <em>M. tuberculatus</em> Prestandrea, 1833 (Polybiidae Ortmann, 1893), first report for this species from the Pliocene fossil record, and an indeterminate representative of <em>Mursia</em> Leach <em>in</em> Desmarest, 1822 (Calappidae De Haan, 1833), genus never recorded previously in the Mediterranean basin. Finally, a single chela is referred to <em>Calappa</em> sp. (Calappidae De Haan, 1833).</p> 2018-08-06T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Taxonomic revision of Leiosoma cribrum species group (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Molytinae) 2018-02-28T18:27:13+01:00 Guido Pedroni The species of the genus <em>Leiosoma</em> Stephens, 1829 close to <em>Leiosoma cribrum</em> (Gyllenhal, 1834) are reviewed. The<em> Leiosoma cribrum</em> species group is proposed. <em>Leiosoma</em> <em>cribrum</em> (Gyllenhal, 1834) and <em>Leiosoma</em> <em>concinnum</em> Boheman, 1842 are redescribed; lectotypes are designated for both species. Neotypes are designated for <em>Liosoma</em> <em>carpathicum</em> Brancsik, 1899 and <em>Liosoma</em> <em>isabellae</em> Tschapeck, 1874. Four new species are described: <em>Leiosoma diottii</em> n.sp. (southern Italy),<em> Leiosoma komovicum</em> n.sp. (Montenegro), <em>Leiosoma kostal</em>i n.sp. and <em>Leiosoma senex</em> n.sp. (Romania). A key to the species of the group is provided. Observations on the ecology and remarks for each species are reported. The species of the Leiosoma cribrum group are mostly spread over high-mountain ecosystems. 2018-02-27T14:00:06+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Additions to the vascular flora of central Italy. Second contribution. 2018-02-28T18:27:17+01:00 Fabio Conti Francesco Falcinelli Donato Palermo Marco Paolucci Pasqualino Paris Gianniantonio Domina Aurelio Manzi Lorenzo Gallo Giancarlo Tondi Riccardo Pennesi Domizia Donnini Fabrizio Bartolucci In this paper, new floristic records for 55 taxa for central Italy are reported. In particular, 39 taxa are native and 16 aliens, 9 are new or confirmed to Abruzzo, 1 to Marche, 21 to Molise, 16 to Umbria, 1 is excluded from the flora of Abruzzo, 1 from Molise and 1 from Lazio. Furthermore, new distribution data for 2 rare species in Abruzzo and Molise are reported. 2018-02-27T11:35:57+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## [Noteridae, Dytiscidae (Coleoptera) of Gabon (11th part). Birougou Monts National Park (mission 2016)] 2018-02-17T16:57:58+01:00 Armando Bilardo Saverio Rocchi <p>[Article in French]</p>This work concerns the Coleoptera Hydradephaga collected in several sites of the Birougou Monts National Park (Republic of Gabon), in which altogether 67 species are listed (4 Noteridae and 63 Dytiscidae). The authors describe 6 new species (1 Noteridae and 5 Dytiscidae): <em>Canthydrus lepidus</em> (notula group) distinguishable from other african species for elytral drawing and for shape of penis; <em>Hyphydrus</em> <em>simulans</em> (opaculus group) close to <em>H. congoanus</em> Biström, 1982 and <em>H. ntsa</em> Bilardo &amp; Rocchi, 2008, distinguishable for shape of penis; Liodessus contractipenis distinguishable for shape of penis clearly different from all other species know for Africa; <em>Copelatus apicinotatus</em> (erichsonii group, atrosulcatus subgroup) close to bottegoi Régimbart, 1895 and distinguishable chiefly for shape of penis; <em>Copelatus</em> <em>birougouensis</em> (haemorrhoidalis, group, ferruginicollis subgroup, sensu Guignot, 1961 = hydroporoides group, sensu Nilsson &amp; Hájek, 2017) with penis different that one other all african species know of group; <em>Hydaticus</em> (Prodaticus) <em>lepemangoyei</em> (leander group, leander subgroup) close to <em>H. arcuatus</em> Régimbart, 1895 and <em>H. matruelis</em> Clark, 1864, distinguishable for more width of body and for shape of penis. Besides observations concerning some of the collected species are furnished. 2018-02-05T11:23:45+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##